Hospital-Diagnosed Infections Associated With Increased Incidence of Dementia
Infections were associated with a 1.49-fold increase in the rate of dementia in both the short- and long-term rates, however, the increases were greater in the short term.
Novel Region in Human Genome in Those With African Ancestry Limits HIV Replication
After identifying the CHD1L gene, investigators explored the biological mechanism for the genetic association in those of African descent, determining the gene limits HIV replication in a subset of white blood cells.
mRNA-1273 Vaccine Associated With Lower Risk of Adverse Events, Likelihood of COVID-19 Diagnosis
Compared to the BNT162b2 vaccine, the mRNA-1273 vaccine was associated with a lower risk of adverse events, which investigators speculate was due to interrelated safety and efficacy.
Point-of-Care Testing Shows Promise in Future, Concerns About Sensitivity Accuracy
The CDC has recommended a follow-up nucleic acid amplification test to be used for patients clinically suspected to have influenza, despite a negative POC test.
FDA Authorizes Changes to Simplify Use of Bivalent mRNA COVID-19 Vaccines
Agency updates emergency use authorization for the Moderna and Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccinations, which are no longer authorized for used in the United States.
FDA Approves Rezafungin Injection for the Treatment of Candidemia, Invasive Candidiasis
Rezafungin (Rezzayo; Cidara Therapeutics Inc, Melinta Therapeutics LLC) is the first new treatment option approved for individuals with candidemia and invasive candidiasis in more than a decade.
FDA Accepts sNDA for Jardiance as Potential Treatment for Chronic Kidney Disease
The supplemental new drug application is based on results from a landmark phase 3 trial showing that empagliflozin tablets provided meaningful results.
FDA Approves Tocilizumab as First Monoclonal Antibody Treatment of COVID-19
Intravenous tocilizumab (Actemra; Genentech) has been approved for the treatment of COVID-19 in individuals who are hospitalized and receiving systemic corticosteroids and supplemental oxygen.
Study: Children, Young Adults With Down Syndrome Have 4 Times Greater Chance of Diabetes
Investigators find that individuals aged 5 to 14 years with the genetic disorder are also at greater risk for TD2.
Study Results Link Coffee Drinking to Increased Longevity
Drinking 2 to 3 cups a day of the decaffeinated, ground, and instant varieties is associated with a longer lifespan and a lower risk of cardiovascular disease, new data show.
Guselkumab, Golimumab Combination Therapy Achieves Clinical Remission Rate of 47.9% in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis
The rate of clinical remission for adults with moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis was higher than induction and maintenance treatment with either guselkumab alone at 31% or golimumab alone at 20.8%.
Risk Factor for Alzheimer Disease Increases by up to 80% in Older Adults Who Had COVID-19
Study results of more than 6 million elderly patients show women at least aged 85 years are most affected.
Low Testosterone Levels Is Linked to Increased Risk of COVID-19 Hospitalization for Men
Investigators find that those successfully treated with hormone replacement therapy were no more likely to be hospitalized.
Study: Hallucinogen, Marijuana Use Among Young Adults Hits Record in 2021
Past-month vaping levels rebounded after early COVID-19 pandemic drop, analysis results indicate.
Musical Tests Detect Mental Deterioration in Older Individuals
The method is based on a measurement of 15 minutes of electrical activity in the brain while performing simple tasks.
Study: Academic Stress Hits Female, Nonbinary, or College Sophomore Students Hardest
Rutgers New Jersey Medical School analysis shows that not all groups are uniformly affected by the pressure, and those that are should be offered additional resources and support.
Prostate Cancer Cases Risk Late Detection Because of Misguided Focus on Urinary Problems
Men with early, curable stages of the disease are missing opportunities for detection, according to an analysis by investigators at the University of Cambridge.
Service Dogs Reduce PTSD Symptoms, Study Results From Purdue Show
New analysis highlights factors and mechanisms that underlie the mental health effects for veterans.
Study: Spirituality Linked With Positive Health Outcomes for Patients With Serious Illness
A panel of experts discussed the benefit of incorporating considerations of spirituality as part of patient-centered health care.
Study Results Show Low Vitamin D Levels in Young Individuals of Color
Black and Hispanic populations have high rates of deficiency, which continue to drop with age, according to University of Houston College of Nursing data.
Study: Light During Sleep in Older Adults Is Linked to Diabetes, High Blood Pressure, Obesity
Study results show that there is a link between leaving the television on, night lights, and smart phones and higher disease rates.
Study: Sight Conditions in Older Adults Associated with Increased Risk of Dementia
The study highlights the need for further research to investigate the impact of correcting sight problems in older adults to prevent cognitive problems and dementia.
Study: Probiotics Can Support Effects of Antidepressants and Help Alleviate Depression
Results of analysis confirm that intestinal flora play an important role in health, including mental health.
Student Loans Can Impair Heart Health into Middle Age, Study Results Show
Individuals with college debt have a higher risk of cardiovascular illness, undermining the typical benefits of a post-secondary education, data indicate.
Half of Parents Regularly Give Their Children Dietary Supplements, Study Results Show
Three in 5 say it is hard to get kids to eat well-balanced diets, because of not eating enough fruits and vegetables, pickiness, and other reasons.
Accessible Care Is Key to Treating Hepatitis C in Individuals Who Inject Drugs, Study Shows
These individuals were 3 times more likely to be cured of the infectious disease than those referred out to local clinics through patient navigation services, clinical trial results indicate.
Physicians Recommend Plant-Based Diet to Ease Chronic Migraine Symptoms
Study results show that an individual received little or no relief from doing yoga, eliminating certain foods, practicing medication, or taking prescribed medications.
Sleep Apnea During Pregnancy Associated with Risk of Hypertension, Metabolic Syndrome
Obstructive sleep apnea during pregnancy and in the years after delivery may be associated with an increased risk for hypertension and metabolic syndrome.
Heart Defects Linked to Higher Risk of Severe COVID-19 Illness, Study Results Show
These individuals, who were also more likely to require treatment in the intensive care unit, should get their vaccines and booster shots, investigators say.
High CAC, Cholesterol Increase Risk of Heart Attacks and Strokes, Study Results Show
Patients with elevated high lipoprotein(a) and coronary artery calcium scores are at risk over the subsequent 10 years, findings from an analysis by cardiologists indicate.
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